Diocese of Ogdensburg

The Roman Catholic Church in Northern New York

The  Science/Health Program of the schools of the Diocese of Ogdensburg is based on  the National Common Core Standard.  As  with all of our educational programs, all instruction is centered in our  Catholic Faith Foundation. In Grade 6 Science, students are expected to apply  ELA Core Standards of reading and writing as well as Math Core Standards  Practices (see respective sections for details of these sections).

The content  of sixth grade science is centered around the following Common Core domains: Structure,  Properties and Interactions of Matter

  • investigate and present evidence that the structure of  cells in both unicellular and multicellular organisms is related to how cells  function
  • investigate and generate evidence that unicellular and  multicellular organisms survive by obtaining food and water, disposing of  waste, and having an environment in which to live
  • construct an explanation for the function of specific  parts of cells including: nucleus, chloroplasts, and mitochondria and the  structure of the cell membrane and cell wall for maintaining a stable internal  environment
  • construct models and representations of body systems  to demonstrate how multiple interacting subsystems and structures work together  to accomplish specific functions
  • provide explanations of how sense receptors respond to  stimuli by sending messages to the brain to be processed for immediate behavior  or stored as information
  • communicate an explanation for how the storage of  long-term memories requires changes in the structure and function of millions  of interconnected nerve cells in the brain

Matter and  Energy in Organisms and Ecosystem

  • develop an explanation for the role of photosynthesis  in the cycling of matter and flow of energy on Earth
  • Investigate the cycling of matter among living and  nonliving parts of ecosystems to explain the flow of energy and conservation of  matter
  • use a model to explain the transfer of energy into,  out of, and within the ecosystem
  • construct and communicate models of food webs that  demonstrate the transfer of matter and energy among organisms with an ecosystem
  • use evidence to support an explanation that matter is  conserved when molecules from food react with oxygen in the environment and  cycle repeatedly between living and non-living components of the ecosystem
  • use evidence to support arguments  that changing any physical or biological components of an ecosystem may result  in shifts in the populations of species in the ecosystem
  • behaviors of animals that contribute  to survival advantages

Interdependent  Relationships in Ecosystems

  • use a model to demonstrate the effect  of resources availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an  ecosystem
  • construct explanations to describe  competitive, predatory, and mutually beneficial interactions as patterns across  various ecosystems
  • ask researchable questions about the  ways organisms obtain matter and energy across multiple and varied ecosystems
  • use models to explain the role of  biodiversity in ecosystems
  • use evidence to construct arguments  for how biodiversity can influence humans’ resources as well as ecosystem  services that humans rely on
  • pose questions about patterns in  social interactions and grouping

Natural Selection and  Adaptations

  • analyze and interpret patterns of  change in fossils to provide evidence of the history of life on Earth
  • construct explanations for the  anatomical similarities and difference between fossils of once-living organisms  and organisms living today
  • develop explanations for why most  individual organisms, as well as some entire species of organisms, that lived  in the past were never fossilized
  • recognize and compare patterns in the  embryological development across different species to identify relationships  not evident in the fully formed anatomy
  • communicate explanations for how  genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individual’s  probability of surviving and reproducing   in a specific environment which tends to increase these traits in the  population
  • use mathematical models to explain  how natural selection over many generations result in changes within species in  response to environmental conditions that increase or decrease certain traits  in a population
  • obtain and evaluate information about  how two populations of the same species different environments have evolved to  become separate species
  • Growth, Development, and Reproduction of Organisms
  • use evidence to support an  explanation of how environmental and genetic factors affect the growth of  organisms
  • investigate and present evidence that  plants continue to grow throughout their life through the production of new  plant matter via photosynthesis
  • use a model to construct an  explanation of how the genetic contribution from each parent through sexual  reproduction results in variation in offspring and how a sexual reproduction  results in offspring with identical genetic information
  • plan and conduct investigations to  gather evidence for the relationship among specialized plant structures,  specific animal behaviors, and the successful reproduction of the plant
  • use empirical evidence to support an  argument for how characteristic animal behaviors affect the probability of  successful reproduction of the plant
  • provide explanations of how changes  (mutations) to genes, which are located on chromosomes, affect specific  inherited traits resulting in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects
  • provide an explanation for the  relationship among changes (mutations) to genes, changes to the formation of  proteins, and the effect on the structure and function of the organism and  thereby traits
  • communicate explanations of ways technologies enable  humans to influence the inheritance of certain traits in plants