Diocese of Ogdensburg

The Roman Catholic Church in Northern New York

The Science/Health Program of the schools of the Diocese of Ogdensburg is  based on the National Common Core Standard.   As with all of our educational programs, all instruction is centered in  our Catholic Faith foundation. In Grade 5 Science, students are expected to  apply ELA Core Standards of reading and writing as well as Math Core Standards  Practices (see respective sections for details of these sections).

The content of fifth  grade science is centered around the following Common Core domains: Structure, Properties  and Interactions of Matter

  • use the model that matter is made of  particles too small to be seen to describe and explain everyday phenomena
  • investigate physical properties of  materials and the properties to distinguish one material from another
  • investigate the interaction of two or  more substances to provide evidence that when different substances are mixed,  one or more new substance with different properties may or may not be formed  depending on the substances and the temperature
  • plan and carry out investigations to  determine the effect on the total weight of a substance when the substance  changes shape, phase, and/or is dissolved
  • investigate and determine the effect  on the total weight of matter when substances interact to form new substances

Matter and Energy in  Ecosystem

  • construct models of food webs to  explain the interrelationship among plants, animals, and fungi within ecosystems
  • use models to trace cycling of matter  between air and soil and among plants, animals, and microbes
  • use models to describe how  decomposition eventually returns (recycles) some materials back to the soil for  plants to use
  • ask questions about how food provides  animals with materials they need for body repair and growth and is digested by  animals to release the energy they need to maintain body warmth and allow for  motion
  • obtain and communicate information  tracing the source of energy for burning fuel or digesting food back to energy  from the sun that was captured by plants through a chemical process

Earth Systems and Their

  • obtain and communicate information  about various forms of water on Earth
  • use mathematical thinking to compare  the relative abundance of salt water to fresh water and analyze data to  identify the major locations of fresh water
  • construct models to describe systems interactions  for the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere and identify the  limitations of the models
  • obtain and share information on the  role of the ocean in supporting a variety of ecosystems and organisms, shaping  landforms, and influencing climate
  • construct models to describe weather  and climate patterns which are produced by the interactions among the  atmosphere, the ocean, and landforms
  • obtain, evaluate, and communicate  information describing the impacts human activities has on Earth’s systems and  generate examples of actions individuals and communities have taken to conserve  Earth’s resources and environments
  • design and evaluate a process or  product to minimize unwanted outcome of human activities on Earth’s systems,  while increasing benefits and meeting societal demands
  • provide evidence to explain how  increased in Earth’s temperature can affect humans and other organisms

Stars and the Solar  System

  • obtain and communicate information  about the sizes of stars, including the sun, and their distances from Earth to  explain their apparent brightness’s
  • provide evidence that Earth is  spherical and the gravitational force of the Earth causes objects near the  surface to be pulled toward the planet’s center
  • use a model of a rotating, spherical  Earth and the relative positions of the sun and moon to explain patterns in  daily changes length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the phases of  the moon
  • develop explanations for how patterns  in the positions of stars and constellations can be used to navigate on Earth
  • gather evidence to investigate how  lenses bend light and obtain information about the ways technology has used  lenses to improve our ability to see objects
  • obtain, evaluate, and communicate  information about the roles of science and technology in the design process for  developing and refining devices to understand the universe